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Year 2 Spelling and Grammar

Year 1 Words to learn

ask

full

little

people

today

 

zero

Monday

asked

half

looked

pull

want

 

one

Tuesday

called

here

love

push

were

 

two

Wednesday

come

have

Mr

put

what

 

three

Thursday

does

house

Mrs

says

when

 

four

Friday

eye(s)

I’ll

 

school

where

 

five

Saturday

friend

I’m

once

some

who

 

six

Sunday

 

it’s

our

their

whole

 

seven

 
     

there

why

 

eight

 
     

these

your

 

nine

 
           

ten

 

Year 1 Spelling Patterns and Rules

Having learnt at least one way to represent each sound, the children in Year 1 are taught that the same sounds can be made by different groups of letters, for example: oy and oi (as in 'toy' and 'coin') and will be taught alternate spellings for known sounds. They will also look at how the same groups of letters can make different sounds, for example: ea in 'bead' and 'bread'. In addition they will be taught the following:

  • Use of split digraphs for long vowel sounds eg o_e as in 'rope’; a_e as in 'tape';

  • Words ending –y sounding ‘ee’ eg happy, family

  • New consonant spellings ph and wh eg elephant, wheel,

  • Using k for the /k/ sound before e eg skin, sketch

  • Adding the prefix –un eg unfair, unhappy

  • Compound words eg football, farmyard, bedroom

  • Words ending ff, ck, zz, ll, ss such as 'fluff', 'luck', 'buzz', 'fill' and 'kiss'

  • Words ending ‘nk ‘such as 'bunk' and 'sink

  • Words with – tch pattern eg fetch, kitchen

  • Words ending with ‘v’ sound spelled with -ve eg have, drive

  • Adding s and es to words (plural of nouns and the third person singular of verbs) eg

    run/runs; fox – foxes; catch – catches

  • Adding the endings –ing, –ed and –er to verbs where no change is needed to the root word eg hunting, hunted, hunter

  • Adding –er and –est to adjectives where no change is needed to the root word eg quicker, quickest

Year 2 Words to learn

after

couldn’t

laugh

they’re

By pattern

again

dear

many

warm

old

other

find

door

grass

any

didn’t

money

water

cold

brother

mind

poor

after

beautiful

different

most

were

gold

mother

kind

floor

past

because

doesn’t

only

whole

hold

another

behind

poor

class

both

even

parents

which

told

nothing

wild

more

pass

busy

every

pretty

witch

   

climb

caught

plant

can’t

favourite

sugar

word

     

thought

bath

child

hasn’t

sure

work

should

improve

steak

 

path

children

hour

teacher

world

would

move

break

 

fast

Christmas

isn’t

towards

write

could

through

   

last

         

prove

   

father

Year 2 Spelling Patterns and Rules

  • /dj/ sound spelt as -ge and –dge and ‘g’ before e,i,y eg edge, age, huge, giant, magic

  • ‘s’ sound spelt with c before e, i and y eg race, city

  • ‘R’ sound spelt wr at the beginning of words eg write, wrong

  • Silent letters k, g and w at the beginning of words eg 'knock', 'know' and 'write'

  • Words ending -le, -el, -al and il eg ‘apple’, middle, 'tunnel', 'animal', 'pencil'

  • The /aɪ/ sound spelt –y at the end of words eg cry, reply

  • The /ee/ sound at the end of a word spelt – ey (donkey, monkey)

  • The /ʒ/ sound spelt ‘s’ as in treasure, television, usual

  • Verbs ending y which then changes to ies and ied eg 'copy', 'copies' and 'copied'

  • Dropping the e off the end of a word when adding -ing, -ed, -er as in 'hiking', 'hiked' and

    'hiker'

  • Words which need a consonant to be doubled before adding -ing, -ed (as in 'pat',

    'patting', 'patted')

  • Unusual uses of vowels, such as 'o' being used for the 'u' sound ('other') and 'a' being used

    for the 'or' sound ('warm')

  • Words containing suffixes (groups of letters added to the end of a word) including -ly, -

    ment, -ful, -ness and -less

  • Words where apostrophes are used to show contractions, eg 'do not' changing to 'don't';

    can not to can’t

  • The possessive apostrophe (singular nouns) eg Megan’s hair; the child’s toy; the man’s

    trousers

  • Words ending -tion eg 'fiction', station

  • Homophones (pairs of words that sound the same but are spelt differently) eg hear/here;

    their/there; son/sun; blue/blew

Grammatical terminology for Pupils Y1 and 2

Year 1

Terminology for pupils

letter, capital letter
word, singular, plural
sentence
punctuation, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark

Year 2

Terminology for pupils

noun, noun phrase
statement, question, exclamation, command compound, suffix
adjective, adverb, verb
tense (past, present)
apostrophe, comma

Please note: A very useful glossary with examples of all these terms is available online from the Department for Education.

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/244216 /English_Glossary.pdf