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Year 3 Spellings and Grammar

Year 3 Words to learn

address

decide

famous

imagine

particular

special

answer

describe

favourite

interest

peculiar

straight

appear

different

February

length

popular

strange

arrive

disappear

group

library

position

strength

believe

eight/ eighth

guard

material

promise

surprise

caught

enough

heard

natural

purpose

therefore

century

exercise

heart

notice

question

thought

consider

experience

height

opposite

remember

through

continue

extreme

history

ordinary

separate

various

         

weight

Year 2 Words to learn

after

couldn’t

laugh

they’re

By pattern

again

dear

many

warm

old

other

find

door

grass

any

didn’t

money

water

cold

brother

mind

poor

after

beautiful

different

most

were

gold

mother

kind

floor

past

because

doesn’t

only

whole

hold

another

behind

poor

class

both

even

parents

which

told

nothing

wild

more

pass

busy

every

pretty

witch

   

climb

caught

plant

can’t

favourite

sugar

word

     

thought

bath

child

hasn’t

sure

work

should

improve

steak

 

path

children

hour

teacher

world

would

move

break

 

fast

Christmas

isn’t

towards

write

could

through

   

last

         

prove

   

father

Year 3 Spelling Patterns and Rules

  • Adding suffixes such as -er, -ing to verbs, eg 'beginner' -'beginning'; forgetting - forgotton

  • Words containing 'y' where it sounds like 'i', eg 'myth' and 'gym'

  • Words containing 'ou' where it sounds like 'u' eg 'young' and 'touch'

  • Spell works with the ‘ay’ sound spelt ‘eigh’ or ‘ey’ eg eight, they, weight

  • Words containing prefixes (groups of letters added to the start of a word) such as un, mis-, dis-, in, re-, pre-

  • Words containing suffixes (groups of letters added to the end of each word) such as -ly

  • Words ending -sure and -ture (eg 'measure' and 'creature')

  • Words ending sounding like ‘zhun’ –sion eg division, decision

  • Words containing ch where it sounds like ‘sh’ or ‘k’ (such as 'chef' and 'scheme')

  • Words ending -sure and -ture (eg 'measure' and 'creature')

  • Homophones (pairs of words that sound the same but are spelled differently) eg: knot/not;

    break/brake; who’s/whose)
    Year 2 Spelling Patterns and Rules

  • /dj/ sound spelt as -ge and –dge and ‘g’ before e,i,y eg edge, age, huge, giant, magic

  • ‘s’ sound spelt with c before e, i and y eg race, city

  • ‘R’ sound spelt wr at the beginning of words eg write, wrong

  • Silent letters k, g and w at the beginning of words eg 'knock', 'know' and 'write'

  • Words ending -le, -el, -al and il eg ‘apple’, middle, 'tunnel', 'animal', 'pencil'

  • The /aɪ/ sound spelt –y at the end of words eg cry, reply

  • The /ee/ sound at the end of a word spelt – ey (donkey, monkey)

  • The /ʒ/ sound spelt ‘s’ as in treasure, television, usual

  • Verbs ending y which then changes to ies and ied eg 'copy', 'copies' and 'copied'

  • Dropping the e off the end of a word when adding -ing, -ed, -er as in 'hiking', 'hiked' and 'hiker'

  • Words which need a consonant to be doubled before adding -ing, -ed (as in 'pat', 'patting',

    'patted')

  • Unusual uses of vowels, such as 'o' being used for the 'u' sound ('other') and 'a' being used for the 'or'

    sound ('warm')

  • Words containing suffixes (groups of letters added to the end of a word) including -ly, -ment, -ful, -

    ness and -less

  • Words where apostrophes are used to show contractions, eg 'do not' changing to 'don't'; can not

    to can’t

  • The possessive apostrophe (singular nouns) eg Megan’s hair; the child’s toy; the man’s trousers

  • Words ending -tion eg 'fiction', station

  • Homophones (pairs of words that sound the same but are spelt differently) eg hear/here;

    their/there; son/sun; blue/blew)

Grammatical terminology for Pupils Y1-3

Year 1

Terminology for pupils

letter, capital letter
word, singular, plural
sentence
punctuation, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark

Year 2

Terminology for pupils

noun, noun phrase
statement, question, exclamation, command compound, suffix
adjective, adverb, verb
tense (past, present)
apostrophe, comma

Year 3

Terminology for pupils

preposition, conjunction word family, prefix
clause, subordinate clause direct speech

consonant, consonant letter vowel, vowel letter inverted commas (or ‘speech marks’)

Please note: A very useful glossary with examples of all these terms is available online from the Department for Education.

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/244216 /English_Glossary.pdf