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Year 4 Spelling and Grammar

Year 3 Words to learn

address

decide

famous

imagine

particular

special

answer

describe

favourite

interest

peculiar

straight

appear

different

February

length

popular

strange

arrive

disappear

group

library

position

strength

believe

eight/ eighth

guard

material

promise

surprise

caught

enough

heard

natural

purpose

therefore

century

exercise

heart

notice

question

thought

consider

experience

height

opposite

remember

through

continue

extreme

history

ordinary

separate

various

         

weight

Year 4 Words to learn

accident(ally)

centre

experiment

knowledge

perhaps

sentence

actual(ly)

certain

forward(s)

league

position

special

bicycle

circle

fruit

learn

possible

straight

breath

complete

grammar

medicine

potatoes

suppose

breathe

difficult

guide

minute

probably

though/ although

build

disappoint

important

naughty

quarter

usually

busy/business

early

increase

occasion(ally)

reign

woman/ women

calendar

earth

island

often

regular

 

Year 3 Spelling Patterns and Rules

  • Adding suffixes such as -er, -ing to verbs, eg 'beginner' -'beginning'; forgetting - forgotton

  • Words containing 'y' where it sounds like 'i', eg 'myth' and 'gym'

  • Words containing 'ou' where it sounds like 'u' eg 'young' and 'touch'

  • Spell works with the ‘ay’ sound spelt ‘eigh’ or ‘ey’ eg eight, they, weight

  • Words containing prefixes (groups of letters added to the start of a word) such as un, mis-, dis-, in, re-, pre-

  • Words containing suffixes (groups of letters added to the end of each word) such as -ly

  • Words ending -sure and -ture (eg 'measure' and 'creature')

  • Words ending sounding like ‘zhun’ –sion eg division, decision

  • Words containing ch where it sounds like ‘sh’ or ‘k’ (such as 'chef' and 'scheme')

  • Words ending -sure and -ture (eg 'measure' and 'creature')

  • Homophones (pairs of words that sound the same but are spelled differently) eg: knot/not; break/brake;

    who’s/whose)

    Year 4 Spelling Patterns and Rules

  • Adding -er, -ing to words of more than one syllable for example: 'beginner' and 'beginning'; prefer-preferred

  • Apply knowledge of prefixes (groups of letters added to the start of a word) such as mis-, dis-, im-, il-, ir-, re-,

    sub-, inter-, super-, anti-, auto- eg disappoint, mislead, illegal, immature, irregular

  • Words containing suffixes (groups of letters added to the end of each word) such as -ation, -ly eg

    organisation, usually, completely

  • Words using sc sounding s eg science, crescent, fascinate

  • Words using ch sounding k eg choir, chemist

  • Words ending -sion, -tion, -ssion, -cian (such as 'confusion', 'rejection', 'permission' and 'musician')

  • Words ending -ous (eg 'dangerous' and 'courageous')

  • Words ending -gue and -que (such as 'league' and 'antique')

  • Homophones (pairs of words that sound the same but are spelled differently, for example: ball/bawl; fair/fare;

main/mane; weather/whether)

Grammatical terminology for Pupils Y1-4

Year 1

Terminology for pupils

letter, capital letter
word, singular, plural
sentence
punctuation, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark

Year 2

Terminology for pupils

noun, noun phrase
statement, question, exclamation, command compound, suffix
adjective, adverb, verb
tense (past, present)
apostrophe, comma

Year 3

Terminology for pupils

preposition, conjunction word family, prefix
clause, subordinate clause direct speech

consonant, consonant letter vowel, vowel letter inverted commas (or ‘speech marks’)

Year 4

Terminology for pupils

determiner
pronoun, possessive pronoun adverbial

Please note: A very useful glossary with examples of all these terms is available online from the Department for Education.

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/244216 /English_Glossary.pdf