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Year 5 Spelling and Grammar

Year 5 Words to learn

accommodate

criticise (critic + ise)

interfere

rhythm

according

desperate

language

secretary

aggressive

develop

lightning

signature

ancient

disastrous

mischievous

soldier

appreciate

environment

necessary

sufficient

available

especially

nuisance

symbol

awkward

excellent

occur

temperature

bruise

explanation

parliament

twelfth

cemetery

foreign

physical

vegetable

communicate

frequently

privilege

yacht

competition

guarantee

queue

 

conscious

hindrance

recommend

 

convenience

immediate (ly)

restaurant

 

Years 5 Spelling Rules

  • Words ending -cious and -tious such as 'delicious' and 'superstitious'

  • Words ending -cial and -tial such as 'special' and 'partial'

  • Words ending -ant, -ance and -ancy such as 'hesitant', 'hesitance' and 'hesitancy'

  • Words ending -ent, -ence and -ency such as ‘patient’, ‘patience’ and ‘frequency’

  • Words ending -able / -ably and -ible / -ibly such as 'comfortable' / 'comfortably' and 'horrible' / 'horribly'

  • Words containing ough and looking at the different sounds in different words, for example: 'enough',

    'through', 'although', 'plough'

  • Silent letters in words which cannot be detected in pronunciation eg 'doubt', 'thistle' and 'solemn’

  • Homophones (words which sound the same but are spelled differently) and other words that are confused for

    example: ‘practice’/ ‘practise’; heard/herd; serial/cereal; allowed/aloud

    Year 4 Words to learn

accident(ally)

centre

experiment

knowledge

perhaps

sentence

actual(ly)

certain

forward(s)

league

position

special

bicycle

circle

fruit

learn

possible

straight

breath

complete

grammar

medicine

potatoes

suppose

breathe

difficult

guide

minute

probably

though/ although

build

disappoint

important

naughty

quarter

usually

busy/business

early

increase

occasion(ally)

rein

woman/women

calendar

earth

island

often

regular

 

Year 4 Spelling patterns and rules

  • Adding -er, -ing to words of more than one syllable for example: 'beginner' and 'beginning'; prefer-preferred

  • Apply knowledge of prefixes (groups of letters added to the start of a word) such as mis-, dis-, im-, il-, ir-, re-, sub-, inter-, super-, anti-

    , auto- eg disappoint, mislead, illegal, immature, irregular

  • Words containing suffixes (groups of letters added to the end of each word) such as -ation, -ly eg organisation, usually, completely

  • Words using sc sounding s eg science, crescent, fascinate

  • Words using ch sounding k eg choir, chemist

  • Words ending -sion, -tion, -ssion, -cian (such as 'confusion', 'rejection', 'permission' and 'musician')

  • Words ending -ous (eg 'dangerous' and 'courageous')

  • Words ending -gue and -que (such as 'league' and 'antique')

• Homophones (pairs of words that sound the same but are spelled differently, for example: ball/bawl; fair/fare; main/mane; weather/whether)

Grammatical terminology for Pupils Y1-5

Year 1

Terminology for pupils

letter, capital letter
word, singular, plural
sentence
punctuation, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark

Year 2

Terminology for pupils

noun, noun phrase
statement, question, exclamation, command compound, suffix
adjective, adverb, verb
tense (past, present)
apostrophe, comma

Year 3

Terminology for pupils

preposition, conjunction word family, prefix
clause, subordinate clause direct speech

consonant, consonant letter vowel, vowel letter inverted commas (or ‘speech marks’)

Year 4

Terminology for pupils

determiner
pronoun, possessive pronoun adverbial

Year 5

Terminology for pupils

modal verb, relative pronoun relative clause
parenthesis, bracket, dash cohesion, ambiguity

Please note: A very useful glossary with examples of all these terms is available online from the Department for Education.

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/244216 /English_Glossary.pdf