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Year 1 Spelling and Grammar

As in Reception, children’s confidence in phonics is key to gaining independence in writing. Those ‘words to learn’ or tricky words given here are those words which are commonly used do not follow the phonic patterns which might be expected. These need to be learned and practised to aid accuracy in spelling. 

To support your child with the spelling and grammar, we are providing lists of spellings and rules which will be covered. Year 1 children will also be revising/ learning the spelling patterns and rules from Reception where necessary. For your reference, the previous year’s content is included to give a guide as to what your child is expected to know at the start of the year.

We hope this will be useful to you in supporting your child.

Year 1 Words to learn

ask

full

little

people

today

 

zero

Monday

asked

half

looked

pull

want

 

one

Tuesday

called

here

love

push

were

 

two

Wednesday

come

have

Mr

put

what

 

three

Thursday

does

house

Mrs

says

when

 

four

Friday

eye(s)

I’ll

 

school

where

 

five

Saturday

friend

I’m

once

some

who

 

six

Sunday

 

it’s

our

their

whole

 

seven

 
     

there

why

 

eight

 
     

these

your

 

nine

 
           

ten

 

Year 1 Spelling Patterns and Rules


Having learnt at least one way to represent each sound, the children in Year 1 are taught that the same sounds can be made by different groups of letters, for example: oy and oi (as in 'toy' and 'coin') and will be taught alternate spellings for known sounds. They will also look at how the same groups of letters can make different sounds, for example: ea in 'bead' and 'bread'. In addition they will be taught the following:

  • Use of split digraphs for long vowel sounds eg o_e as in 'rope’; a_e as in 'tape';

  • Words ending –y sounding ‘ee’ eg happy, family

  • New consonant spellings ph and wh eg elephant, wheel,

  • Using k for the /k/ sound before e eg skin, sketch

  • Adding the prefix –un eg unfair, unhappy

  • Compound words eg football, farmyard, bedroom

  • Words ending ff, ck, zz, ll, ss such as 'fluff', 'luck', 'buzz', 'fill' and 'kiss'

  • Words ending ‘nk ‘such as 'bunk' and 'sink

  • Words with – tch pattern eg fetch, kitchen

  • Words ending with ‘v’ sound spelled with -ve eg have, drive

  • Adding s and es to words (plural of nouns and the third person singular of verbs) eg run/runs; fox –

    foxes; catch – catches

  • Adding the endings –ing, –ed and –er to verbs where no change is needed to the root word eg hunting, hunted, hunter

  • Adding –er and –est to adjectives where no change is needed to the root word eg quicker, quickest

     

    Grammatical terminology for Pupils Y1-6

Year 1

Terminology for pupils

letter, capital letter
word, singular, plural
sentence
punctuation, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark

Reception Words to learn

a

at

go

is

in

my

she

they

all

be

he

has

it

no

so

you

and

by

her

have

like

of

to

was

are

do

his

I

me

said

the

we

Tricky words (bold)

Tricky= Cannot be spelt correctly using the usual representation of sound eg ‘is’ will be pronounced but not spelt ‘iz’