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Year 6 Spelling and Grammar

Year 6 Words to learn

accompany

community

exaggerate

marvellous

rhythm

achieve

conscious

existence

muscle

sacrifice

amateur

controversy

familiar

neighbour

shoulder

apparent

correspond

foreign

occupy

sincere (ly)

apparent

curiosity

forty

persuade

stomach

attached

definite

government

profession

sufficient

average

determined

harass

pronunciation

suggest

bargain

dictionary

identity

recognise

system

category

embarrass

individual

relevant

thorough

committee

equip (-ped, -ment)

leisure

rhyme

vehicle

Year 6 Spelling Rules and Patterns

  • Adding -ing / -ed to words ending -fer, for example: prefer, preferring and preferred

  • Use of the hyphen, for example: 'co-ordinate', 're-enter'

  • Words containing ei, after c eg 'ceiling', deceive, receive and exceptions eg protein, seize

  • Homophones (words which sound the same but are spelled differently) and other words

    that are often confused for example: principle/ principal; guessed/guest; advice/advise; precede/proceed

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    Year 5 Words to learn

accommodate

criticise (critic + ise)

interfere

rhythm

according

desperate

language

secretary

aggressive

develop

lightning

signature

ancient

disastrous

mischievous

soldier

appreciate

environment

necessary

sufficient

available

especially

nuisance

symbol

awkward

excellent

occur

temperature

bruise

explanation

parliament

twelfth

cemetery

foreign

physical

vegetable

communicate

frequently

privilege

yacht

competition

guarantee

queue

 

conscious

hindrance

recommend

 

convenience

immediate (ly)

restaurant

 

Years 5 Spelling Rules and Patterns

  • Words ending -cious and -tious such as 'delicious' and 'superstitious'

  • Words ending -cial and -tial such as 'special' and 'partial'

  • Words ending -ant, -ance and -ancy such as 'hesitant', 'hesitance' and 'hesitancy'

  • Words ending -ent, -ence and -ency such as ‘patient’, ‘patience’ and ‘frequency’

  • Words ending -able / -ably and -ible / -ibly such as 'comfortable' / 'comfortably' and 'horrible' / 'horribly'

  • Words containing ough and looking at the different sounds in different words, for example: 'enough',

    'through', 'although', 'plough'

  • Silent letters in words which cannot be detected in pronunciation eg 'doubt', 'thistle' and 'solemn’

• Homophones (words which sound the same but are spelled differently) and other words that are confused for example: ‘practice’/ ‘practise’; heard/herd; serial/cereal; allowed/aloud

Grammatical terminology for Pupils Y1-6

Year 1

Terminology for pupils

letter, capital letter
word, singular, plural
sentence
punctuation, full stop, question mark, exclamation mark

Year 2

Terminology for pupils

noun, noun phrase
statement, question, exclamation, command compound, suffix
adjective, adverb, verb
tense (past, present)
apostrophe, comma

Year 3

Terminology for pupils

preposition, conjunction word family, prefix
clause, subordinate clause direct speech

consonant, consonant letter vowel, vowel letter inverted commas (or ‘speech marks’)

Year 4

Terminology for pupils

determiner
pronoun, possessive pronoun adverbial

Year 5

Terminology for pupils

modal verb, relative pronoun relative clause
parenthesis, bracket, dash cohesion, ambiguity

Year 6

Terminology for pupils

subject, object
active, passive, subjunctive
synonym, antonym
ellipsis, hyphen, colon, semi-colon, bullet points,

Please note: A very useful glossary with examples of all these terms is available online from the Department for Education.

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/244216 /English_Glossary.pdf